Priority Mitigation Actions per Sector 


Restoration of Forests on Degraded Lands –Undertake a programme of work to restore forests on 960,000 hectares up to 2030 including: inter alia dry land forest restoration activities; awareness raising, consultation and demonstration; capacity building; development, testing and application of compensation and benefits-sharing mechanisms; measuring, monitoring and reporting; and research.

Estimated Cost Ksh to 2030: 186-290 billion


Geothermal – Develop an additional 2,275 MW of geothermal capacity by 2030 through a support programme aimed at encouraging private sector investment. The programme could include: additional grants for the early phases of geothermal development, access to loans for latter stage development, risk mitigation instruments, capacity building programmes, and harmonization and improvement of the regulatory framework.

Estimated Cost Ksh to 2030 877-1115 billion


Reforestation of Degraded Forests – Undertake a programme of work to replant forests on 240,000 hectares of land that were previously forests; including, inter alia: tree planting activities; awareness raising, consultation and demonstration; policy development; capacity building; measuring, monitoring and reporting; and research.

Estimated Cost Ksh to 2030 48-61 billion


Improved Cook stoves and LPG Cook stoves – Undertake a programme to support the use of improved cook stoves and of LPG cook stoves, including increasing awareness of improved cooking practices, undertaking pilot initiatives which promote the use of LPG, increasing awareness of stove quality, increasing access to soft loans, building capacity of stove producers, and improving access to testing facilities.

Estimated Cost Ksh to 2030 : 20 billion


Agroforestry – Convert 281,000 hectares of existing arable cropland and grazing land that have medium or high agricultural potential to agroforestry by 2030 through a programme of work that includes: research to identify appropriate agroforestry practices; technological development; extension services and training of extension workers; capacity building and education for farmers; pilot projects; research to determine potential in more marginal lands; and measuring, monitoring and reporting.

Estimated Cost Ksh to 2030 : 70-117 billion


Bus Rapid Transit and Light Rail Corridors – Implement an extensive Mass Transit System for greater Nairobi, based predominantly on Bus Rapid Transit corridors complemented by a few Light Rail Transit corridors.

Estimated Cost Ksh to 2030 :70 billions


Development of GHG inventory and improvement of emissions data Develop Kenya’s GHG inventory, building on the information developed in the SC4 reference case of GHG emissions; develop Kenya specific emis- sions factors, especially in the agricultural sector; improve overall data; and build capacity to develop, use and monitor data and impacts.

Estimated Cost Ksh to 2030:42 Millions


Measuring, reporting on and monitoring forestry emissions and sinks – Develop a national forest inventory, forest reference scenario, and

a monitoring and reporting system that allows for transparent accounting of emissions and removals in the forestry and land-use sectors.

Estimated Cost Ksh to 2030 : 624 Millions


Mainstreaming of low-carbon development options into planning processes- Undertake low-carbon assessments of current and new flagship projects; mainstream low-carbon screening and planning in the county planning process and sectoral development plans. Build capacity on the use of the tools to update the low-carbon scenario assessment.

Estimated Cost Ksh to 203021 millions 

Total Ksh to 2030 :

KSh1,371 –

1,773 billion

Total Ksh for next five years (4596 – 5815 USD equivalent)

Ksh 391 – 495