Climate change has increased the frequency and magnitude of extreme weather events in Kenya causing loss of lives, diminished livelihoods, reduced crop and livestock production, and damaged infrastructure, among other adverse impacts. An example is the torrential rains and severe flooding from March to May 2018 that devastated communities that were already struggling to recover from a prolonged drought. Climate change is likely to negatively impact Kenya’s future development and achievement of the goals of Kenya Vision 2030 – the long- term development blueprint – and the Government’s Big Four agenda for 2018-2022 that focuses on ensuring food and nutrition security, affordable and decent housing, increased manufacturing and affordable healthcare.
Kenya takes climate change seriously, as demonstrated by the enactment of the Climate Change Act (Number 11 of 2016). This Act requires the Government to develop five-year National Climate Change Action Plans (NCCAP) to guide the mainstreaming of adaptation and mitigation actions into sector functions of the National and County Governments.
NCCAP 2018-2022 aims to further Kenya’s development goals by providing mechanisms and measures to achieve low carbon climate resilient development in a manner that prioritises adaptation. This plan builds on the first Action Plan (2013-2017) and provides a framework for Kenya to deliver on its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) under the Paris Agreement of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). NCCAP 2018-2022 guides the climate actions of the National and County Governments, the private sector, civil society and other actors as Kenya transitions to a low carbon climate resilient development pathway. The NCCAP consists of this Volume I, the Volume II: Adaptation Technical Analysis Report, and Volume III: Mitigation Technical Analysis Report.